In Romania, lack of motorways is a subject debated and turned on all sides. The causes of this situation are multiple, and this short article does not intend to resume the whole debate and to analyze all causes. I’ll just stop at one, a geopolitical one.
First I invite you to see the map of highways builted in Europe until December 2012.
As you can see, the highways in Western Europe appears to be broken suddenly at the borders of Romania, Ukraine and Belarus. In 1990, the highways stopped suddenly at the borders of Poland and Hungary. The natural question is why? Didn’t need communist states fast transport routes to ensure trade between them? Could just be the lack of funds the answer? In any case, if the construction of highways was a priority for those communist regimes, certainly those highways would have been built. So the question should be why it didn’t become a priority in these countries and in the former USSR?
Even this time the answer is a geopolitical one. The reason is the North European Plain. This geopolitical corridor was used by Napoleon and Hitler in their attempts to conquer Russia. Throughout history, this large area without any geographical barrier, such as a few mountain ranges of considerable height, was the main geopolitical challenge to Russia, which tried to conquest new territories which will become buffer zones.
Only imagine how difficult for Russia could have been, if over this geopolitical handicap were added many routes of fast transport perfect to sustain from a logistical point of view the enemy armies.
So here’s one of the reasons for the lack of motorways in the area. Again it is only one of them.